They are charged with having “shown contempt for national symbols.” By virtue of Article 361 of the Greek Penal Code, they could be sentenced to a year in prison, and have to pay a fine.
"This is an absurd and senseless charge. By making that gesture, we were in no way attacking the Olympic spirit, or Greece. We were simply protesting against the policy being carried out in China during this period of intensifying repression. We also wanted to use the threat of boycotting the Games’ opening ceremony, an initiative we support, and encourage the International Olympic Committee to urge the Chinese government to respect human rights, as called for under the Olympic Charter," the organization asserted.
Oiça a entrevista de Jean-François Juliard à BBC: