Wednesday, November 26, 2008
Tuesday, November 25, 2008
The rally organized by the Tibetan Women’s Association (TWA), one of the largest non-governmental organizations of Tibetan exiles, was joined by members of a local Indian women’s organization Jagori Himachal and several vesting tourists.
Thursday, November 20, 2008
Eighty-year old Gyalo Thondup, a former chairman of the Tibetan cabinet (Kashag) in Dharamsala, was prompted to give a rare and detailed address to the media today after hardline comments by a Chinese official last week denying that Deng Xiaoping had said that "except independence all other issues can be settled through discussions". The Dalai Lama's Special Envoy Lodi Gyari had reminded the Chinese side of Deng's statement during the most recent eighth round of dialogue in the first week of November, but later his dialogue counterpart Zhu Weiqun, Executive Vice Minister of the Central United Front Work Department of the Chinese Communist Party, said: "Comrade Deng Xiaoping had never made such a statement. It is a falsehood made by Gyari and is a complete distortion of Deng Xiaoping's statement." Gyalo Thondup said today that he was "shocked" by Zhu's comments, because "it was myself to whom the late paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, said that "except independence all other issues can be settled through discussions" on March 12, 1979.
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Wednesday, November 19, 2008
Tuesday, November 18, 2008
" A nossa posição sobre o Tibete é clara e decidida. Qualquer tentativa de separar o Tibete da China vai fracassar", declarou o porta-voz do ministério chinês das Relações Exteriores, Qin Gang.
"Nenhum governo do mundo reconhece o chamado governo tibetano no exílio", acrescentou.
Quase 500 dirigentes tibetanos no exílio começaram a debater na segunda-feira, na região norte da Índia, uma eventual radicalização da luta sobre o estatuto do Tibete depois do fracasso das negociações, iniciadas em 2002, com a China.
O encontro em Dharamsala, capital do exílio tibetano, é a maior reunião em 60 anos da comunidade tibetana. Nesta cidade vive exiliado desde 1959 o Dalai Lama, líder espiritual dos tibetanos.
A opção de um possível endurecimento da posição dos tibetanos, ou seja reivindicar a independência e não uma simples autonomia, será discutida até Sábado.
Sunday, November 16, 2008
The weeklong meeting that begins Monday was called by the Dalai Lama, the Tibetan Buddhist spiritual leader, who says new ideas are needed following the repeated failure of talks with China.
Today, the Dalai Lama's envoys to the last round of talks with Beijing issued a statement saying they had presented China with a detailed plan on how Tibetans could meet their needs of autonomy within the framework of the Chinese constitution.
But China has apparently rejected the plan and the statement says recent Chinese statements distort the position and proposal the envoys have outlined.
Chinese officials say no progress was made in the talks two weeks ago, and they call the Tibetan stance "a trick" and say it lacks sincerity.
Saturday, November 15, 2008
Thursday, November 13, 2008
Just days ago, in a televised press conference, Chinese government spokesperson Zhu Weiqun accused the Dalai Lama of promoting ethnic cleansing and apartheid, calling off the dialogue process and declaring that China would never compromise on Tibet.
TAKE ACTION: If you are in the US please send the below message to your Congressional Representatives. Please also call your Congressperson and the State Department and urge President Bush to make a public statement in support of Tibet.
Assistant Secretary to the Bureau of East Asian & Pacific Affairs, Christopher Hill: 202-647-9596Under Secretary for Democracy & Global Affairs: Paula Dobriansky: 202-647-6240 or 202-647-6704Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi: 202-225-0100
* expressing disappointment in the Chinese government's lack of progress in resolving the Tibet issue and failure to meaningfully address the legitimate concerns of the Tibetan people.
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Wednesday, November 12, 2008
And the struggle for Tibet? That, they increasingly say here, has been futile.
"We have failed to bring any positive change inside Tibet," said Samdhong Rinpoche, prime minister of the government-in-exile. "The majority of Tibetans are increasingly frustrated and want more forceful change."
Now, nearly everything is on the table for discussion. Starting Monday, exiled Tibetans from around the world will gather in Dharmsala, called together by the Dalai Lama for a six-day meeting that could end years of carefully moderated policies toward Beijing.
In a town of often-feuding exiles, many now have at least one thing to agree upon: Their movement has reached a crossroad. The Dalai Lama is growing old, a young generation of activists want tough talk toward China and Beijing is moving thousands of ethnic Han Chinese into Tibet.
"In ten or 15 years, when we look back at this, we're hopeful that we'll see this as a historic conference," said Tsewang Rigzin, president of the Tibetan Youth Congress, one of the more militant activist groups. "We know that we have to be rational and reasonable, but we also need to change the political stand of the Tibetan people."
For 20 years, the exile movement has been guided by the Dalai Lama's "middle way," which rejects demands for outright independence but calls for limited autonomy for Tibet. Until very recently, the Dalai Lama had insisted on conciliation, repeatedly telling Beijing that progress for Tibet could come only through talks, and insisting he did not want independence.
Conciliatory talk, though, brought little but disdain from China. Instead, Beijing derides the Dalai Lama as a "splittist," saying he really wants a Tibetan nation. For years, talks between Beijing and the Dalai Lama's envoys have ended in stalemate.
In October, the man who turned patience into an art form appeared to finally grow impatient.
The Dalai Lama said in a speech that after years of pursuing the middle way "there hasn't been any positive response."
"As far as I'm concerned I have given up," he added.
From those statements came his call for the special exile conference. Many specifics remain vague, but any issues can be discussed (though changes in policy would require approval by the government-in-exile). The Dalai Lama himself now remains silent, worried any statements would be seen as support for a particular policy.
So what sort of agendas could emerge from the conference?
The days of CIA-backed Tibetan military units ended decades ago, and even the most hard-line exiles see no hope in fighting China's army.
Today, the clearest divide is between those favoring Tibetan autonomy and those favoring independence. But there are also endless sub-permutations, with various factions urging more protests, angrier protests, boycotts, more pressure on Western nations and, among a small group, a push for sabotage of China's infrastructure.
With China heightening its rhetoric — on Monday, Beijing officials accused the Dalai Lama's envoys of trickery — the exile debate has also become sharper.
"The tough line taken by China is increasing divisions among the exiles, and uncertainty about what it should do," said Robbie Barnett, an expert on modern Tibet at Columbia University.
In many ways, these debates can seem pointless. China has 1.3 billion people and the world's largest army. The Tibetans number perhaps 6 million, and are lead by a devout pacifist who hasn't been home since fleeing amid a failed uprising against Chinese rule in 1959.
But the discussions are taken deadly seriously in Dharmsala, where movement leaders hope for a time when changes in China will lead to meaningful change in Tibet.
Certainly, this is a time of turmoil in the Tibetan exile movement.
Bloody anti-government riots in March in Lhasa, Tibet's capital, were brutally put down. Shaken by reports of anti-Chinese attacks, the Dalai Lama threatened to resign unless his followers stopped their violence.
That was followed by the Beijing Olympics, which many Tibetan activists had hoped would offer the best stage in years for demonstrations. Instead, protests in Europe during the Olympic torch run faded into near-silence after China was hammered by an earthquake.
The lack of protests, in turn, helped reinforce divisions between Tibetan exiles who back the Dalai Lama's relentless pacifism and a far angrier young generation, many born in exile, increasingly desperate for action.
Most importantly, though, there is the Dalai Lama, 73. While people close to him insist he remains in good health for his age, he has been hospitalized twice since August and his travel schedule has been curtailed.
In a movement that often sways between centuries, it can be hard to differentiate between the Tibetan struggle at large and the Dalai Lama himself.
On one side there is a modern protest movement, with Web sites and hip T-shirts and Richard Gere speeches. On the other is a leader who came to power because Buddhist mystics proclaimed him the reincarnation of the previous Dalai Lama.
He is a holy man who became a master at public relations, and who remains a god to his followers.
"I have heard of this middle way, but I don't know much about it," said a former businessman, his hair combed into a pompadour, waiting recently in a Dharmsala refugee center. Days earlier, he had fled Tibet, fearing the police because he'd joined the March protests. He asked that his name not be used, fearing retribution against his family.
As for the conference, he wasn't worrying about it: "I will do what His Holiness wants, no matter what."
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
Sunday, November 9, 2008
Among other controversial matters, the UN committee addressed the wave of arrests in Tibet after nationalist unrest last March, the house arrest of family members of dissident rights activist Hu Jia (胡佳) and overall conditions of detention in the country.
Friday, November 7, 2008
The report was the first by an official news source stating the number of sentences handed down after the riot, which erupted days after monks staged peaceful protests in Lhasa.
The prison sentences range from three years to life, Xinhua reported.
The report in Xinhua was based on comments made Tuesday by Baema Cewang, vice chairman of the Tibet regional government, when he met with Michael Andrew Johnson, a visiting member of the Australian House of Representatives.
Xinhua did not give details of how the sentences were handed down or what sort of trial the prisoners had received, if any.
The report came as envoys of the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual leader of the Tibetans, met this week in Beijing with Chinese officials to discuss Tibet policies and the status of the Dalai Lama, who has not been allowed to return to Tibet since fleeing to India in 1959.
The Dalai Lama has called for autonomy in Tibetan regions of China and has not advocated outright independence. But he is facing growing pressure from younger Tibetans to take a more aggressive stand since the Chinese government has made no substantive concessions.
News agencies in China had reported that as of April 29, 30 people had been convicted of arson, robbery, disrupting public order and attacking government offices, among other crimes related to the riot, which was the worst outburst of ethnic violence in China in recent years. It was unclear whether any or all of these people were included in the 55 who were reported to have received prison sentences.
The riot involved Tibetans attacking Han Chinese living and working in Lhasa, a high-altitude city on a desert plateau that has drawn many Han settlers in recent years because of financial incentives put in place by Chinese officials.
The Chinese government has actively encouraged Han migration to ethnic minority regions in western China, particularly Tibet and Xinjiang, and that in turn has led to rising tensions between locals and the Han settlers who come seeking jobs and business opportunities.
The March riot led to a government crackdown in the autonomous region and other Tibetan areas in western China, particularly in the mountainous redoubts of Sichuan Province.
Advocacy groups supporting greater rights for Tibetans or Tibetan independence have released a steady stream of reports about detentions and executions, including of monks and nuns. Few of the reports have been independently confirmed.
Xinhua cited Mr. Cewang as saying that after the violence in March, the police detained 1,317 people, of whom 1,115 were subsequently released.
The March violence resulted in the deaths of 18 civilians and one police officer, while 382 civilians and 241 police officers were injured, Xinhua reported on Wednesday.
Previously the authorities had said 22 people were killed in the rioting. Exile groups have said scores of Tibetans were killed in the crackdown that followed.
Xinhua reported that rioters also burned 120 houses and 84 vehicles and looted 1,367 shops, causing an economic loss of about $47 million.
The Chinese government has accused the Dalai Lama of organizing the riot in order to disrupt the Olympic Games, which took place in Beijing in August.
The Dalai Lama has denied the accusations. In recent weeks, he has expressed disappointment in the pace of negotiations with the Chinese government over the status of Tibet and has said Tibetans in the future might push for independence using strategies other than the moderate “middle way” that he has long advocated.
Thursday, November 6, 2008
After returning from their eighth round of talks, the envoys, this morning, briefed the Prime Minister of the Tibetan Government-in-exile Prof. Samdhong Rinpoche in New Delhi, and were advised to refrain from making any statement on the outcome of the talks, at least, before the forthcoming ‘Special Meeting.
"Regardless of the time or the circumstances... Tibet independence is out of the question," said Du Qinglin, a top Communist party official in charge of relations with non-communist groups, the Xinhua news agency reported.
"Semi-independence is out of the question. Independence in disguise is out of the question," Du was quoted as telling the envoys "recently".
The Dalai Lama has long championed a "middle path" policy with China which espouses "meaningful autonomy" for Tibet, rather than the full independence for the remote Himalayan region that many younger, more radical activists demand.
Envoys of the Tibet spiritual leader, who has lived in exile for nearly half a century, ended two days of talks Wednesday with Chinese officials in Beijing on the future of Tibet.
Lodi Gyaltsen Gyari, Kelsang Gyaltsen and three aides left for the Chinese capital on October 30 but only began formal discussions on Tuesday, according to the Tibet government-in-exile in India.
During their visit, the envoys were taken to the Muslim autonomous region of Ningxia by Chinese authorities to demonstrate Beijing's handling of minority concerns, according to the exiled administration.
Du's official title is director of the Communist Party's United Front Work Department.
The department, traditionally charged with handling ties with organisations outside the party, represents China in meetings with Dalai Lama envoys.
Wednesday, November 5, 2008
"The Tibetan people will have a friend and strong supporter in President-elect Obama," said John Ackerly, President of the International Campaign for Tibet. "This is a critical time for the Tibetan issue and we are confident that the Obama Administration will continue the existing support for Tibet and provide new energy for the efforts of the Dalai Lama to engage with the Chinese government. If we build on what Senator Obama has said about Tibet in the past, then we can expect even stronger initiatives from the Untied States in the future," Ackerly concluded.
The Obama-Biden campaign has pledged to actively engage China on a number of issues, including human rights in Tibet and China's crackdown on democracy and religious freedom activists. The campaign has pledged to "be frank with the Chinese about such failings and will press them to respect human rights."
Among the senior foreign policy advisors to the Obama campaign is Gregory B. Craig, the first U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, appointed by then Secretary of State Madeleine Albright in 1996.
As a long-serving member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Senator Joe Biden has been a consistent voice in support of Tibetan issues and a force behind the establishment of Radio Free Asia which is crucial to disseminating news unfiltered by Chinese state media to communities inside Tibet.
The International Campaign for Tibet thanks Senator John McCain for his support for Tibet in this campaign year and especially for his public appeal for the fair treatment of Tibetan political prisoners.
Senator McCain held a highly publicized meeting with the Dalai Lama in Aspen, Colorado in July, commenting afterwards that the Dalai Lama’s "nonviolence approach and his lifelong approach of seeking common ground around cultural and religious divides are an inspiration for all of mankind and to millions of Americans."
Jigme a.ka. Jigme Guri, a monk of Labrang Monastery in Sangchu County (Ch: Xiahe Xian) Kanlho "Tibet Autonomous Prefecture" ('TAP'), Gansu Province, was earlier arrested on 22 March 2008 by four armed forces while returning to his monastery from a market and he was known to have been detained and tortured for two months in the detention centre for his suspected role in one of the biggest protests that took place in Labrang on 14 March 2008. He was released on medical ground after months of detention where he was intensively interrogated to extract confession by means of torture that he was left unconscious twice from injuries he suffered.
At the beginning of September, the Voice of America's Tibetan Service in its Wednesday program Kunleng aired a video from Jigme giving detail accounts of Tibetan people's aspiration, torture and inhumane treatment meted out to monks of Labrang Monks who were detained during March Protest at the County government headquarters. In a telephone interview with the Associated Press on 12 September, Jigme gave detail accounts of the Chinese crackdown on Tibetans which is still going on months after the events. He later went into hiding fearing authorities' repercussion for exposing Chinese brutal crackdown on Tibetans.
Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Sunday, November 2, 2008
Dalai Lama The Tibetan spiritual leader, accused by Beijing of masterminding a separatist movement, is in Japan for a week at the invitation of a Fukuoka-based Buddhist organization
During a joint interview with Japanese media at a Tokyo hotel, he explained that envoys from Tibetan communities will meet for a week at Dharamsala, India, beginning Nov 17, and international groups supporting Tibet will gather in Delhi later in the month to decide Tibet's approach toward achieving "realistic autonomy" from China.
Envoys for Tibet's government in exile left India on Wednesday for talks with officials in Beijing, but the Dalai Lama said he hasn't received word yet on how the meeting has been going.
While he said he hasn't given up hope or resigned from his position, the Dalai Lama said he could no longer take direct responsibility for discussions with Beijing, and decisions will be made based on a consensus of the people through a democratic process.
The meeting of Tibetan communities and international organizations could alter Tibetans' strategy with China, and the Dalai Lama said he intends not to talk of his preferences until the meetings are over.
Tibetans believe in genuine democracy "unlike the communist democracy in China," he said, explaining that "people may not express (their thoughts) freely" if he were to voice his position.
However the Dalai Lama repeated during the interview that his ultimate goal is not to gain independence from Beijing but to make sure Tibet's cultural and religious heritage is not destroyed.
"We are not seeking separation from China" because remaining a part of the rapidly growing economy will help Tibet's development, he said.
Preserving Tibetan Buddhism and its ideology will benefit China as well, where "very dirty, corrupted capitalism" is emerging, he added.
"But the Chinese (government) ignores these things, continues to accuse us, and is full of suspicion," the Dalai Lama said, criticizing the regime for having "no ear but only mouth."
China has controlled Tibet since invading the region in the 1950s. Beijing has ruled its people through what the Dalai Lama described as "use of force to keep stability," which has caused scores of riots. Frustration reached its peak this spring, when antigovernment monks rioted.
"There is an iron curtain within their minds, never seeing reality. Never seeing others' views," he said.
"It is important to know the limitation of material value," the Dalai Lama said, explaining that repletion of the mind is far more valuable than financial wealth.
The Dalai Lama's health has been a concern after the 73-year-old underwent surgery for gallstones last month, but he said that although the operation was complicated, he has surprised his doctors with his quick recovery.
News of Tibetans facing trial in Tibet following the protests continues to filter through despite the dangers of passing on such information to outside sources, and despite the restrictions imposed on internet and cell phone communications. According to reports received in the last few days, two monks from Kirti monastery in eastern Tibet are appearing in Ngaba county [Chinese: Aba] court this week to face charges linked to dissent in recent months, together with Jamyang Nyima, a 30-year-old monk from Thongri monastery in Ngaba who was arrested on March 30 and several other lay people, whose names are not known. The two Kirti monks, Dorjee and Kungar, are both in their early twenties and were detained on April 23. According to the same reports from reliable exile sources, families of the defendants have not been informed of their whereabouts or status and fear that legal representation is not being made available to them. The same sources said that since the March protests began, around 20 people in the Ngaba area have been sentenced on charges believed to be related to their participation in protests and dissent.
Images taken by a Taiwanese-American tourist in eastern Tibet featured with this report show a heavily armed police presence in summer in the Tibetan area of Kham in the towns of Lithang (Ch: Litang) and Kardze (Ch: Ganzi) in Sichuan province. The visitor described the area as being "like a war-zone". Images of military on the streets of Lhasa in September are also shown with this report, together with further evidence of continued disappearances and detention, with Tibetans experiencing extreme brutality while in custody.
Saturday, November 1, 2008
Tenzin Rinchen, 17 anos, foi detido a 24 de Outubro e Ngawang Tenzin, 20 anos, juntamente com Tenzin Norbu, 19 anos, foram detidos a 30 de Outubro.
A explosão aconteceu no condado de Markham, na região de Chamdo, e levou à interrupção de transmissões televisivas.